Objective To explore repair role of allogeneic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells （BM-MSCs） transplantation on treating hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury （HIRI） in rats. Methods Ten rats were executed to get BM-MSCs， then BM-MSCs were cultured in vitro and dyed by 4，6-diamidino-2-phenylindole （DAPI）. Models of 70% hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury were eatablished. Thirty two rats were randomly divided into sham operation group （Sham group）， ischemia reperfusion group （I/R group）， Vitamin C group （VC group）， and BM-MSCs group. Serum samples were analyzed for ALT and AST， and hepatic tissue were for superoxide dismutase （SOD） and malondialdehyde （MDA）. Liver sections were stain with hematoxylin and eosin （HE） for histological analysis， TUNEL staining was applied to detect hepatic apoptosis. Serum and tissues were both collected at 24 h after reperfusion. Results The isolated BM-MSCs maintained vigorous growth in vitro. Specific markers for MSCs antigens CD29 and CD44 were detected by flow cytometry， but antigens CD34 and CD45 were not be detected. Models of HIRI were stable， and BM-MSCs were detected around the periportal area by DAPI staining. Compared with I/R group， levels of ALT， AST， MDA， and AI in the VC group and BM-MSCs group decreased at 24 h after reperfusion （P＜0.05）， meanwhile SOD level increased （P＜0.05）. Compared with VC group， levels of ALT， AST， MDA， and AI in the BM-MSC group decreased at 24 h after reperfusion （P＜0.05）， meanwhile SOD level increased （P＜0.05）. Conclusion BM-MSCs could protect HIRI by alleviating oxidative stress and inhibiting cellular apoptosis.
Objective To review the relationship between the expression levels of bcl-2, bax and bad gene and other biological factors of breast cancer in the growth and development of breast cancer. Methods Related literatures were summarized and reviewed. Results The expression level change of antiapoptosis gene bcl-2 was still under research and the expression levels of apoptosis gene bax and bad were down-regulated progressively in the evolution from benign breast tissue to breast cancer tissue. The expression level of bcl-2 had positive correlation with some positive factors in breast cancer such as estrogen receptor （ER） and progesterone receptor (PR), while it had negative correlation with some negative factors such as p53, EGFR, c-erbB-2 and lymph node metastasis. The levels of ER, PR and the expression level of p53 of breast cancer had no relationship with the expression level of bax. Up to now there was no report about the relationship between the expression level of bad and other biological factors of breast cancer. Conclusion The role of altered expression level of bcl-2, in the treatment and prognosis of breast cancer is still controversial, and the relationship between the expression of bad and the prognosis of breast cancer is still unknown, but expression level of bax is correlated positively with the prognosis of breast cancer. Research on these genes can provide us some new index to evaluate the prognosis of breast cancer and new ideas on treatment of breast cancer including gene therapy.
Objective To observe the effects of extracellular-signal regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 inhibitor U0126 on hepatoma carcinoma cell proliferation and apoptosis. Methods Hepatoma SMMC-7721 cell strain was divided into blank control group and different concentrations of U0126 groups. The proliferation inhibition was measured by MTT assay. FCM was used to analyze the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis. Results U0126 obviously inhibited cell proliferation, induced cell apoptosis and G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest. There were significant differences between control group and different concentrations of U0126 groups on cell proliferation and apoptosis （P＜0.05， P＜0.01）. Conclusion Blocking ERK1/2 pathway may be an important treatment strategy for liver cancer.
Objective To study the effects of survivin antisense RNA on SGC7901 cell’s apoptosis and chemosensitivity to taxotere, and to investigate its effect on the expression of multi-drug resistance gene-1 (MDR-1). Methods Survivin antisense eukaryotic vector anti-pcDNA3-svv was transfected into SGC7901 cell lines by lipofectamine and positive clones were screened out then. Survivin protein and MDR-1 mRNA were measured by western blot and RT-PCR, respectively. Apoptosis that was induced by anti-pcDNA3-svv was observed by electronic microscope, and the sensitivity of SGC7901 cell to taxotere was examined by MTT. Results The expressions of survivin protein and MDR-1 mRNA in transfected SGC7901 cells both decreased more significantly than that of non-transfected cells (P＜0.05， P＜0.01), and the indices of MDR of transfection group and non-transfection group were 0.196±0.013 and 3.126±0.019, respectively, at the late phase of apoptosis, which had a significant difference between each other (P＜0.01), IC50 of the transfected cells to taxotere was （16.7±1.98） ng/ml and that of the non-transfected cells was (55.7±1.89) ng/ml, which also had a significant difference (P＜0.01). Conclusion Surivivin antisense RNA could induce the apoptosis of SGC7901 cancer cell line and could increase the cells’ sensitivity to taxotere, which may help to reverse drug resistance.
Objective To investigate the recent studies about the relationship between Chlamydia pneumoniae and abdominal aortic aneurysm. Methods The current literatures about the relationship between Chlamydia pneumoniae and abdominal aortic aneurysm were reviewed. Results Chlamydia pneumoniae is one of the most important factors for the formation of abdominal aortic aneurysm since Chlamydia pneumoniae can cause abdominal aortic aneurysm through the metabolism of matrix metalloproteinases, the apoptosis of smooth muscle cells in the vessels and the chronic infection of the wall of the aneurysm. Conclusion There maybe a distinguishingly close relationship between Chlamydia pneumoniae and abdominal aortic aneurysm, and Chlamydia pneumoiae may take an important role in the development and progress of the abdominal aortic aneurysm.
【Abstract】ObjectiveTo investigate the role of apoptosis-related gene survivin, caspase-3 and cyclin-B1 in gastric carcinoma by detecting the expressions of survivin, caspase-3 and cyclin-B1 in gastric carcinoma. Methods The expressions of survivin mRNA, caspase-3 mRNA and cyclin-B1 mRNA were determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method in 30 gastric carcinoma specimens and 10 normal gastric tissue specimens. ResultsThe positive expression rate of survivin mRNA in 30 gastric carcinoma specimens was 66.7%(20/30). While 10 normal gastric tissue specimens did not express survivin mRNA. Although all of 30 gastric carcinoma tissues and 10 normal gastric tissues expressed caspase-3 mRNA and cyclin-B1 mRNA, the expressions of caspase-3 and cyclin-B1 in 20 survivin-positive gastric carcinoma tissues were significantly lower than those of 10 survivin-negative gastric carcinoma tissues (P＜0.01) and 10 normal gastric tissues (P＜0.01). The expressions of caspase-3 mRNA and cyclinB1 mRNA in 10 survivin-negative gastric carcinoma tissues were significantly lower than those of 10 normal gastric tissues (P＜0.01). And in gastric carcinoma tissues the expression of survivin mRNA was negatively related with that of caspase-3 mRNA （r=-0.923,P＜0.01） and cyclin-B1 mRNA (r=-0.886,P＜0.01), the expression of caspase-3 mRNA was positively related with that of cyclin-B1 mRNA (r=0.892, P＜0.01). Conclusionsurvivin enhances gastric tumorigenesis, caspase-3 and cyclin-B1 inhibit gastric tumorigenesis.
【Abstract】Objective To investigate the irradiating effect of low intensive microwave (LIM) on pathological process of blood vessel restenosis(RS) and assess the probability of LIM irradiation to prevent was used RS.Methods Fortyfour male healthy New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into 2 groups. Fogarty catheter traumatize to the tunica intima of iliac artery so as to establish RS models. Two thousand four hundred and fifty MHz microwave with different power of 2 ,5 and 10 mW/cm2 was used, locally to irradiate EIA in irradiating group (1 h/d). Specimens were obtained at different time of 3,7,14 and 28 d after operation. Morphological changes of tissues were observed with HE and EF staining and the area of tunica intima, tunica media and the rate of cavity stenosis were analyzed with image analysis system; apoptosis was detected with TUNEL; phenotype and microstructure of VSMC were observed with TEM. Results After microwave irradiating, inflammatory reaction in early period was suppressed, mural thrombus decreased, the proliferation and migration of VSMC depressed, the area of tunica intima and the rate of cavity stenosis obviously reduced comparing with the control group (P＜0.01). The rate of apoptosis cells showed that there were no obvious differences among each group on 3 d after operation (Pgt;0.05). At other different time, however, the rate of apoptosis cells in irradiating groups obviously increased than that of the control group (P＜0.01), particularly in the one with power of 5 mW/cm2 .The number of synthesis form VSMC in the control group occupied (93.50±3.45)% of the total number of VSMC on 14 d after operation. Most of VSMC appear contractile in irradiating group in which a lot of morphological changes of apoptosis in fibroblast and VSMC existed.Conclusion LIM irradiation could obviously prevented from pathologic procedure of RS. After LIM irradiating, inflammatory reaction in early period is suppressed, the proliferation and migration of VSMC depressed. LIM irradiation promotes cell apoptosis, effectively prohibites the occurring and development of RS. LIM irradiation has had relationship between quantity and effect, power span to effectively prohibit RS, particularly in the one with power of 5 mW/cm2.
【Abstract】ObjectiveTo explore the effect of hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) on apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells induced with curcumin. MethodsMTT assay was used to evaluate the cytotoxicity of curcumin to colorectal cancer cells. Flow cytometry was used to detect the antiapoptosis effect of HGF. ResultsFlow cytometry showed only 64 μg/ml curcumin could play the proliferationinhibiting role in Caco-2 cells leading to their apoptosis; at the same time, different concentrations of HGF could antagonize this inhibitory effect resulting in the decrease of apoptosis, but HGF worked without a concentration-dependent manner. The study on MAPK pathway showed that the protective effect of HGF on the apoptosis of Caco-2 cells was not influenced by inhibiting p42/p44 MAPK and p38 MAPK pathway. ConclusionHGF/SF antagonizes the apoptosis of Caco-2 cells induced with curcumin, but MAPK signaling pathway might not participate in this process.
ObjectiveTo study the relationship between expression of Caspase-3 and regression of hemangioma. MethodsCaspase-3 expression was detected in 79 hemangiomas and 5 normal skin tissues by immunohistochemistry (SP). ResultsIn 79 hemangiomas, the positive rates of Caspase-3 expression in proliferating, involuting and involuted phases were 52.4%, 91.2% and 83.3%, respectively. The expression of Caspase-3 in involuted and involuting phases was higher than proliferating phase(Plt;0.05，Plt;0.01) and control group(Plt;0.01). There was no statistical difference between the latter two groups (Pgt;0.05). ConclusionCaspase3 is involved in the converting of hemangiomas from proliferating phase into involuting phase. The activation of Caspase-3 may induce apoptosis of endothelial cells, thus leading to the regression of hemagioma.
ObjectiveTo observe the effects of endovascular radiation (ER) on the proliferation and apoptosis of medial smooth muscle cells (SMC) and to discuss the possible mechanisms of radiation in the prevention of vascular restenosis (RS) in rabbits after carotid endarterectomy (CEA).MethodsForty rabbits undergoing CEA were randomly divided into four groups (each group=10) and given a radiation dose of 0, 10, 20 and 40 Gy 32P respectively. Rabbits were killed on the 3rd, 7th, 14th, 28th and 56th day after operation. The specimens were collected and histopathologic examinations were done.ResultsProliferation apparently occurred in the intima and media of carotid the lumen became narrow in the control group on the 14 th, 28 th and 56 th day after operation. While in the radiation groups, proliferation was apparently suppressed and the lumen was much less narrowed (P＜0.05). The apoptosis rate of SMCs and PCNA positive cells increased on the 3rd day after operation and reached the peak on the 7th day. There was statistical difference between the ER groups and control group (P＜0.01). The effects were much more evident in 20 Gy and 40 Gy groups compared with 10 Gy group (P＜0.01).ConclusionER may prevent RS by suppressing SMC proliferation and migration as well as inducing SMC apoptosis. The effects are positively correlated with radiation doses. SMC proliferation and apoptosis occur in the early period after balloon injury, while hyperplasia of intima and medial happens later.