west china medical publishers
Author
  • Title
  • Author
  • Keyword
  • Abstract
Advance search
Advance search

Search

find Author "WANG Wenya" 5 results
  • Leukotriene Synthase Gene Polymorphism in Asthma

    Release date:2016-09-13 04:00 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • EFFECT OF CALCITONIN ON ARTICULAR CARTILAGE OF OSTEOARTHRITIS

    Objective To review the effect of calcitonin on cartilage and subchondral bone of osteoarthritis. Methods Recent l iteratures about the effect of calcitonin on osteoarthritis was reviewed. Results Calcitonin could promotethe synthesis of important cartilage matrix such as proteoglycans and collagen II, propell ing the regeneration of cartilage and subchondral bone. Conclusion Calcitonin can protect articular cartilage through promoting the synthesis of cartilage and inhibiting its degradation.

    Release date:2016-09-01 09:19 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • Effects of Ad-FLIP on Expressionof FLIP inRatsLung and Its ProtectiveEffect in Acute Lung Injury

    Objective To investigate the expression of FLIP in the lung of rats and the protective effect in development of acute lung injury( ALI) with the adenovirus vector carrying FLIP gene( Ad-FLIP)inhaled. Methods Forty-eight rats were randomly divided into four groups, with 12 rats in each gruop. In treatment group, ALI rats model was eatablished by LPS intraperitoneal injection and then inhaled Ad-FLIP vector. In prevention group, the animals were infected with Ad-FLIP vector before ALI model wasestablished. Two control groups of treatment and prevention received Ad-EGFP vectors respectively.Pathological changes of lung were observed under light microscope. Wet/dry weight ( W/D) of lung lobes and lung permeability index( LPI) were also measured. The mRNA and protein expressions of FLIP in lungwere investigated by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Results Lung histopathological changes were alleviated, the index of W/D and LPI were significantly lower, the expressions of FILP mRNA and protein in the lung were elevated both in the treatment group and prevention group compared to thecontrol groups ( all P lt;0. 01) . Conclusion Ad-FLIP transfection can up-regulate the expression of FLIP in lung of rats, and might protect respiratory membrane and lessen pulmonary edema to prevent the development of ALI.

    Release date:2016-08-30 11:53 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • EFFECT OF ALENDRONATE ON INTERLEUKIN-1β INDUCED CHONDROCYTES OF RAT IN VITRO

    Objective To investigate the feasibil ity of alendronate (ALN) in treating osteoarthritis (OA) by observing the effects of ALN on interleukin 1β (IL-1β) induced chondrocytes of rat in vitro. Methods The chondrocytes of knee articular surface from 15 SD rats (1-month-old, female or male, weighing 100-150 g) were cultured. The chondrocytes were observed by inverted phase contrast microscope and identified by toluidine blue staining and HE staining. The third passage chondrocytes were divided into 3 groups: the chondrocytes were cultured with DMEM for 5 days in group A, with 10 ng/mL IL-1β for 2 days and with DMEM for 3 days in group B, and with 10 ng/mL IL-1β for 2 days and with 1 × 10-6 mol/L ALN for 3 days in group C. Immunocytochemistry and real-time PCR were performed to determine the expression levels of collagen type II (Col II), matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13), and β-catenin. Results Toluidine blue staining proved that the cultured cells were chondrocytes. The integrated absorbency (IA) value of Col II in group C (10.290 7 ± 0.499 2) was lower than that in group A (15.377 0 ± 0.571 8) and higher than that in group B (5.463 2 ± 0.450 4), showing significant differences (P lt; 0.05). The IA value of MMP-13 in group C (3.068 6 ± 0.205 6) was significantly lower than that in group B (6.998 1 ± 0.329 7, P lt; 0.05), but there was no significant differenc when compared with group A (2.777 5 ± 0.199 6, P gt; 0.05). The IA value of β-catenin in group C (6.611 7 ± 0.381 8) was lower than that in group B (11.799 9 ± 0.348 7) and higher than that in group A (4.390 3 ± 0.551 9), showing significant differences (P lt; 0.05). The mRNA expression of Col II in group C was significantly higher than those in groups A and B (P lt; 0.05), the mRNA expression of MMP-13 in group C was significantly lower than that in group B (P lt; 0.05) but there was no significant difference when compared with group A (P gt; 0.05). The mRNA expression of β-catenin in group C was significantly lower than that in group B (P lt; 0.05) and higher than that in group A (P lt; 0.05). Conclusion ALN can protect rat chondrocyte from OA induced by IL-1β in vitro possibly by upregulating Col II and inhibiting the expression of MMP-13 and β-catenin in the chondrocytes.

    Release date:2016-08-31 05:41 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • Clinical features of fibrosing mediastinitis

    ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical features and prognosis of fibrinous mediastinum and evaluate the value of different examinations in diagnosis and evaluation. MethodsTwenty-eight patients with mediastinal fibrosis diagnosed between January 2015 and September 2020 in China-Japan Friendship Hospital were studied retrospectively. The Clinical manifestations, radiological characteristics, endoscopic features, echocardiography, V/Q SPECT, cardiac catheterization, treatment and prognosis were analyzed.ResultsThe main clinical symptoms were cough (77.6%), expectoration (57.1%), wheezing or suffocating (42.9%), dyspnea (39.3%). There were 67.9% of the cases who were considered previous or present tuberculosis. Imaging findings showed that the fat density in the mediastinum disappeared, the irregular soft tissue of the mediastinum surrounded the airway and pulmonary vessels, and many lymph nodes enlarged and calcified, and multiple bronchus and pulmonary vessels were compressed and narrowed. Pulmonary function was mainly manifested as obstructive ventilate dysfunction and decreased diffusion volume. Under bronchoscopy, the bronchial mucosa showed pigmentation, bronchial distortion or multiple stenosis, even occlusion, and bronchial mucosa edema or congestion. Echocardiography and catheterization of the right heart showed that pulmonary hypertension and diastolic cardiac dysfunction were common complications of fibrillary mediastinum. Pulmonary ventilation perfusion imaging showed impaired blood perfusion in 87.5% of patients and impaired ventilation perfusion in 37.5% of patients. The symptoms of some patients alleviated after anti-infective and symptomatic treatment, but the mediastinal fibrosis was irreversible, and the efficacy of anti-tuberculosis and glucocorticoid therapy was limited. ConclusionsFor patients with clinical consideration of fibrous mediastinum, chest enhanced CT should be performed for clear diagnosis. Relevant examinations, such as pulmonary function, endoscopic, echocardiography, should be conducted to evaluate whether the disease involves airway, pulmonary vessels, pericardium, superior vena cava and esophagus, as well as the degree of functional involvement. Attention should be paid to the evaluation of patients with pulmonary hypertension and diastolic cardiac insufficiency.

    Release date: Export PDF Favorites Scan
1 pages Previous 1 Next

Format

Content