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find Author "LAI Guoxiang" 4 results
  • Protective Effects of Ambroxol on Tracheal Mucosa of Rats Injured by Intratracheally Instilled Amikacin

    Objective To investigate the effects of ambroxol hydrochloride on surface structure of trachea mucosa in rats injured by intratracheally instilled amikacin. Methods Thirty Wistar rats injured by intratracheally instilled amikacin ( 0. 252 mL/kg) were randomly divided into a control group ( n =15) and an ambroxol group ( n= 15) . The rats in the ambroxol group were intraperitoneally injected with ambroxol hydrochloride ( 70 mg/kg) 5 minutes after amikacin administration. They were all equally divided into five subgroups and sacrificed at 2, 4, 8, 28, 48 hours respectively. Then the samples of 1/3 lower segment of trachea were collected and observed under scanning electron microscope. Results In the control group, the mucous secretion and its stickness were increased. The cilia were found lodged, sticked together, aligned abnormally, abrupt partly, and recovered slowly, with the percentage of damaged area of 98. 2% , 98. 5% , 97. 5%, 92. 7% , 82. 1% at 2, 4, 8,24,48 h, respectively. The injuries of mucosa in the ambroxol group were much milder and recovered more rapidly than those in the control group, with the percentage of damaged area of 85. 7% , 81. 9% , 73. 0% , 61. 9% , 50. 2% at 2, 4, 8, 24, 48 h, respectively. Conclusions Intratracheal instillation of amikacin can cause cilia ultrastructure damage on tracheal mucosa. Ambroxol can promote the recovery process and alleviate airway inflammation.

    Release date:2016-09-13 04:07 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • Experimental observation of cluster therapeutic regimen in early stage of blast-induced acute lung injury in rats

    ObjectiveTo observe the effects of cluster therapy combined with anisodamine, dexamethasone and ambroxol on arterial blood gas, inflammatory cytokines and pulmonary pathological changes by making an early (<48 h) primary blast lung injury model in rats. MethodsEighty Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups, ie. a control group (n=5), an injury group (n=15), an ambroxol treatment group (n=15), a dexamethasone treatment group, a scopolamine treatment group (n=15), a combination of ambroxol, dexamethasone and anisodamine group (n=15). The treatment groups were injected intraperitoneally with ambroxol 46.7 mg/kg (three times a day) or (and) dexamethasone at 5 mg·kg–1·d–1 or (and) anisodamine at a dose of 3.33 mg/kg (three times a day). The rats in the injury group were injected intraperitoneally with an equal volume of normal saline. Respiratory rate and weight change were observed before and after injury. Five rats were sacrificed at 6 hours, 24 hours and 48 hours after injury in each experimental group. Arterial blood gas analysis, Yelverton pathological score, lung tissue wet/dry weight ratio, serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured. The lung histopathology was observed. ResultsAfter lung blast injury, the rats in the injury group showed progressive respiratory acidosis, and hypoxemia increased with the increase of IL-6 and TNF-α in a time-dependent manner. The PaO2 decreased in the groups with ambroxol, dexamethasone and anisodamine alone or in combination with anisodamine, and the contents of serum IL-6 and TNF-α decreased. Pathological edema and inflammatory infiltration of lung tissue were alleviated significantly. ConclusionsAfter treatment with dexamethasone, anisodamine and ambroxol after lung blast injury, blood gas analysis is improved, inflammatory factor level is decreased and lung injury is alleviated, indicating that the three drugs can treat lung detonation injury in rats. The cluster therapy is superior to the single drug therapy.

    Release date:2019-01-23 10:50 Export PDF Favorites Scan
  • Protection of resveratrol on seawater-drowning-induced lung injury in rats

    ObjectiveTo improve the seawater-drowning-induced lung injury model in rats, and investigate the protective effect of resveratrol against seawater-drowning-induced lung injury and its mechanism.MethodsA total of 112 SD healthy rats were randomly assigned into 5 groups: a control group (Group C, n=8), a seawater drowning group (Group S, n=32), a resveratrol prophylactic treatment group (Group S+R, n=32), a resveratrol group (Group R, n=8), and an endotracheal intubation group (Group E, n=32). A modified endotracheal intubation model was developed, and endotracheal intubation was used instead of tracheotomy. Blood gas analysis was performed on the abdominal aorta at each time point, then the rats were sacrificed to obtain their lungs. Lung wet-to-dry ratio (W/D), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase (Caspase-3) were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The histological sections of rat lungs were stained with haematoxylin-eosin. Groups S+R and R were pretreated with resveratrol (50 mg/kg) through intragastric administration for 3 days; then models were established and the rats were sacrificed 24 hours after the last intragastric administration.ResultsAfter seawater perfusion, arterial oxygen pressure decreased and arterial carbon dioxide pressure increased in blood gas analysis of rats, MDA content increased, MPO and SOD activity decreased, caspase-3 content and W/D ratio increased, as well as lung tissue pathological damage. The resveratrol pretreatment group showed the same change trend, but the damage degree was relatively light.ConclusionsSeawater perfusion can induce respiratory failure, pulmonary edema and hemorrhage in rats. Lung tissue apoptosis may occur when seawater submergence causes lung injury. Resveratrol pretreatment can ameliorate hypoxia and pulmonary edema in rats.

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  • Effects of 1,25-( OH) 2D3 on MMP-9 Expression and NF-κB Activity in A Murine Model of Chronic Asthma

    Objective To investigate the effects of 1, 25-( OH) 2D3 on the expression of matrix metalloprotease-9 ( MMP-9) and nuclear factor κB ( NF-κB) activity in a murine model of chronic asthma. Methods BALB/ c mice were sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin to establish chronic asthmatic model. The animals were randomly divided into a control group, an asthma group and a VD group. Lung sections from the mice were stained by HE and Masson’s trichrome, respectively. Morphometric analysis of the stained sections was performed using computerized image analysis system. Nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 was examined using Western blot. The level of IκBαwas detected with real-time quantitative PCR ( RTPCR) and Western blot. In addition, the expression of MMP-9 in both activity and mRNA level was detected by gelatin zymograph and RT-PCR, respectively. Results Prominent airway remodeling developed in the asthma group, including the inflammatory cell infiltration, subepithelial collagen deposition and increased airway smooth muscle mass. In contrast, 1, 25-( OH) 2D3 attenuated these established structural changes of the airways. Stimulation with OVA induced a 7. 87-fold increase in the MMP-9 activity compared with that in the control group, and 1, 25-( OH) 2D3 treatment only induced a 3. 46-fold increase in the MMP-9 activity compared with that in the control group ( P lt;0. 05) . The mRNA level of MMP-9 in the VD group ( 3.16 ± 0.09) was decreased compared with the asthma group ( 5.74 ±0.13) ( P lt;0.05) , but itwas still higher than that in the control group ( 0.57 ±0.08) ( P lt;0.05) . 1, 25-( OH) 2D3 reduced the nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 while up-regulated the IκBα level in lung tissue of chronic asthma. Conclusions 1, 25- ( OH) 2D3 can inhibit the NF-κB activity and down-regulate the expression of MMP-9 in lung tissue of chronic asthma, thus alleviating the established chronic asthma-induced airway remodeling.

    Release date:2016-09-13 03:46 Export PDF Favorites Scan
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