Objective To explore the relationship between morning symptoms and other clinical characteristics in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and to look for related risk factors affecting morning symptoms.Methods This cross-sectional observational study included 153 patients with stable COPD. Morning symptoms were evaluated with the Chinese-version of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Morning Symptom Diary (Ch-COPD-MSD). And modified version of the British medical association respiratory questionnaire (mMRC), COPD assessment test (CAT), questionnaire clinical COPD questionnaire (CCQ) score were scored, and the BODEx index was calculated.Results A total of 153 stable COPD patients were included. The patients aged 59.6±7.6 years with a mean forced expiratory volume in one second of (52.0±20.7)% predicted (FEV1%pred). The median score of morning symptoms was 31.00. Morning symptoms severity was different between GOLD groups A to D: median (interquartile range) score in GOLD A was 23.50 (20.00 - 27.25), in GOLD B was 31.00 (26.00 - 38.00), in GOLD C was 30.00 (23.75 - 35.75), and in GOLD D was 36.50 (27.00 - 47.50) (P<0.001). Meanwhile, under different mMRC, CAT, CCQ scores, the difference in the median score of morning symptoms was statistically significant (all P=0.000). Score of morning symptoms was negatively correlated with the FEV1%pred (r=–0.24, P<0.001), and positively correlated with the score of mMRC, CAT, CCQ, and the BODEx index (r value was 0.50, 0.60, 0.53, 0.40, respectively, P<0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that CAT score was the important factor associated with morning symptoms severity in COPD (B=0.829, P<0.001).Conclusions Morning symptoms are associated with multiple clinical indicators for assessing the severity of COPD, and health status is the most strongly associated with morning symptoms. Clinical evaluation of morning symptoms in patients with COPD can be helpful in comprehensive assessment of the patient’s condition.
SUN Tian, LI Xiaoyun, PENG Yating, CHENG Wei, ZENG Yuqin, ZHAO Yiyang, LIU Cong, CAI Shan, CHEN Yan, CHEN Ping. The relationship between morning symptoms and related clinical features in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Chinese Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2021, 20(6): 381-387. doi: 10.7507/1671-6205.202006054